Electric : Electricity damage generally comes from magic or advanced technology. It shocks the target with a sudden jolt.
Heat : Heat damage is dealt by extremely high temperatures such as from fire magic, laser or plasma weaponry, or natural flames. Heat damage may include a risk of being lit on fire.
Cold : Cold damage is dealt by extremely low temperatures. Generally, this is the result of magic or extreme environments.
Chemical : Chemical damage results from a corrosive substance, such as a powerful acid or base.